Grand Canyon National Park Locator Map

Fast Facts

Total Area
1,217,403 acres
Annual Visitation
4,421,352 in 2012 (view all years)
Creation Date
February 26, 1919
Entrance Fee
$25 per car per week
Time Zone
Mountain
Lowest Elevation
1,200 feet at Colorado River
Highest Elevation
9,165 feet at North Rim Entrance
Lowest Average Temp
17F in January
Record Low Temp
-20F in 1990
Highest Average Temp
84F in July
Record High Temp
101F in 2003
Our Last Visit
August 2010

Park Contact Information

Grand Canyon National Park
P.O. Box 129, Grand Canyon, AZ 86023
Info at (928) 638-7888
Fax to (928) 638-7797

Park Creation Timeline

1908
Grand Canyon National Monument is created
1919
Grand Canyon National Park is created, which absorbs the previous national monument
1979
The park is named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization).

Animals and Plants

Mammal species vary greatly by ecosystem. At the river level, many small animals, including several species of bat and rodent, are common. In the forested areas, small animals such as red squirrels and porcupines share the area with mule deer, elk, black bears, mountain lions, and coyotes. The NPS has prepared a checklist of park mammals.
There are about 47 reptile species in the park, including snakes and lizards. Mountain short horned lizards are especially common. There are a few amphibian species as well, mostly toads and salamanders, found mostly along the Colorado River. The NPS has prepared a checklist of park reptiles and a checklist of park amphibians.
The wide variety of ecosystems supports an estimated 373 species of birds. Of particular note is the California condor, the nearly extinct huge bird who was introduced to the park in a well-known conservation effort. The NPS has prepared a checklist of park birds
The park contains an amazing 129 types of plant communities. The major ones include the following. Along the Colorado River a riparian community exists. Coyote willow, arrowweed, seep willow, western honey mesquite, catclaw acacia are the main species. Up near the elevations found along the south rim, typical pinon pine woodlands and desert scrub can be found. As elevations increase, moreso along the north rim, forests dominated by ponderosa pine exist, with spruce-fir and sub-alpine grasslands taking over at the highest elevations.


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