November 19, 1919
$25 per vehicle per week
3,666 feet at Coalpits Wash
8,726 feet on Horse Ranch Mountain
Lowest Average Temp
20°F in January
Record Low Temp
-20°F in 1989
Highest Average Temp
88°F in July
Record High Temp
104°F in 1985
Our Last Visit
Park Creation Timeline
President William Howard Taft signs the proclamation creating Mukuntuweap National Monument.
The newly created National Park Service changes the name to Zion National Monument due to local pressure.
A year later, on November 19, 1919, the park is elevated to national park status.
The Kolob Canyons section is made a park area under the separate designation Zion National Monument.
Zion National Monument is added to Zion National Park making the Kolob Canyons area part of the national park.
Animals and Plants
Mule deer are the major large mammal as usual for this region. Their top predator, the mountain lion, is present but almost never seen. Smaller mammals include ringtails, skunks, and chipmunks.
Reptiles are abundant, with the most likely to be seen being lizards, especially the eastern fence and short horned varieties. Several snakes also live here. Only one, the rarely seen western rattlesnake, is venomous.
At least 271 species of bird spend at least part of the year in Zion. Among them are roadrunners, whch can be seen in the open desert areas, and golden eagles and red-tailed hawks riding thermals high above. The NPS has prepared a complete bird list
Zion's wide variety of elevations and moisture levels gives it probably the most diverse plant life in southern Utah, with over 900 species identified. At the lower elevations near the Virgin River plant life is abundant near the banks. Water seeps all along the canyon walls, such as at Weeping Rock, create large hanging gardens. Outside of the Zion Canyon area, the low elevations are dominated by the more expected desert brush and cacti. On the high plateaus ponderosa pine gives way to white fir. These conifers also exist further down on the canyon walls, when shade and other conditions create just the right microclimate for their survival.