Glacier National Park Locator Map

Fast Facts

Total Area
1,013,572 acres
Annual Visitation
2,162,035 in 2012 (view all years)
Creation Date
May 11, 1910
Entrance Fee
$25 per car per week
Time Zone
Mountain
Lowest Elevation
3,150 feet at Flathead River
Highest Elevation
10,466 feet on Mount Cleveland
Lowest Average Temp
15F in January
Record Low Temp
-36F in 1968
Highest Average Temp
79F in July
Record High Temp
99F in 1990
Our Last Visit
July 2010

Park Contact Information

Glacier National Park
PO Box 128, West Glacier, MT 59936
Info at (406) 888-7800
Fax to (406) 888-7808

Park Creation Timeline

1910
Glacier National Park is created
1932
The park is joined with Canada's Waterton Lakes National Park as the world's first International Peace Park
1976
International Biosphere Reserve status is given to the park by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization).
1995
The park, along with Waterton Lakes, is named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization).

Animals and Plants

The park has a wide variety of mammals, including grizzly bears, gray wolves, elk, lynx, wolverines, cougars, mountain goats and bighorn sheep, along with many smaller mammals. Only the woodland caribou and bison are missing from the park's natural species list. The NPS has prepared a checklist of park mammals.
The park's cold climate limits reptiles and amphibians, with garter snakes, box turtles, and western toads being some of the few observed.
260 species of birds have been recorded, with birds of prey such as the bald eagle, golden eagle, peregrine falcon, osprey and several species of hawks residing year round. The NPS has prepared a checklist of park birds.
1,132 plant species (and counting) have been found in the park. The forests fall into three zones. The west and northwest of the park are dominated by spruce and fir and the southwest by red cedar and hemlock. East of the Continental Divide are a combination of mixed pine, spruce, fir and prairie zones. Above treeline is the alpine tundra, with grasses and small plants the only thing able to tolerate the three month growing season.


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