October 2, 1968
None to national park, various to state parks
0 feet at the Pacific Ocean
3,170 feet on Coyote Peak
Lowest Average Temp
39°F in December
Record Low Temp
19°F in 1990
Highest Average Temp
66°F in August
Record High Temp
93°F in 1964
Park Creation Timeline
California creates Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park.
California creates Del Norte Coast Redwoods State Park.
California creates Jedidiah Smith Redwoods State Park.
On October 2, 1968, President Lyndon Johnson signs the bill creating Redwood National Park.
The park is named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization).
The parks become a part of the much larger California Coast Ranges International Biosphere Reserve created by UNESCO.
The National Park Service and the California State Park System agree to administer the parks jointly, creating the unique mix of state and federal lands that make up Redwood National & State Parks.
Animals and Plants
More than 40 species of mammals have been observed, including the Roosevelt elk, black bears, mountain lions, bobcats, beavers, river otters, black-tailed deer, and coyotes. In the coastal areas, California sea lions, Steller sea lions and harbor seals are found, along with dolphins and gray whales sometimes seen offshore.
A few species of reptiles are found in the area, and include pacific tree and red-legged frogs, a few snakes, along with pacific giant salamanders and the rough-skinned newt.
Over 400 species of birds have been seen in the area, including brown pelicans, double-crested cormorants, sandpipers, gulls, osprey, red-shouldered hawks, great blue heron, and Steller's jays, along with the occasional bald eagle.
The trees are the main draw of the park, namely the coast redwood. However, sitka spruce are the shields of the big trees, lining the coast and blocking the salt spray. Douglas fir blend with the coast redwoods just inland. The redwoods depend on the coastal fogs for moisture in the dry season, so they are limited to a narrow band of land. Further inland tanoak, madrone, California bay, chinquapin, canyon live oak, and Jeffrey pine take their place.